Stellite 3

Catalog : Stellite_3

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Stellite 3



Cr W C Others Hardness Density Melting Range








Ni, Fe, Si, 48-63 HRC 8.64 g/cm3



1213-1285 °C


Stellite 3 cobalt base alloys consist of complex carbides in an alloy matrix. They are resistant to wear, galling and corrosion and retain these properties at high temperatures. Their exceptional wear resistance is due mainly to the unique inherent characteristics of the hard carbide phase dispersed in a CoCr alloy matrix.



The high carbon content of this alloy increases the volume fraction of carbides and hence its abrasion and solid particle erosion resistance. The high tungsten content improved its high temperature properties.

However, this results in material which is nearly impossible to hardface crack free and one that withstands almost no impact. It has excellent metal-to-metal wear resistance and resists galling when mated with other Stellite® Alloys


Corrosion Resistance

This alloy is considered inferior to Stellite® alloys 6 and 12 in most environments. Like all Stellite® alloys, it has excellent resistance to oxidation but is not recommended for reducing acids. Stellite® alloy 3 is resistant to nitric acid over a range of concentrations at room temperature. It also has excellent resistance to phosphoric acid below 150°F and formic acid at room temperature. It also is highly resistant to sulphuric acid but only at room temperature. Since corrosion resistance varies with concentration, temperature, stress and contaminants, it is best to use production exposure tests to determine the suitability for each application.



The higher carbon content results in an increase in volume fraction of carbides and higher abrasion resistance in low stress abrasion tests. Stellite® alloy 3 is 3 to 4 times more resistant than Stellite® alloy 6 and twice as resistant as Stellite® alloy 12. It is also superior to Delcrome® 90 and 07 tool steel. In metal on metal wear Stellite 3 is superior and this improved resistance increases as loads are increased or speeds are increased to 10 times to 25 times that of Stellite® alloy 6 or 12. This alloy also has higher hot hardness and resists galling like all Stellite® alloys when mated with another Stellite® alloy. The material is also resistant to erosion and most combinations of heat and wear.



This alloy is more difficult to machine than Stellite® alloy 6, but can be turned with carbide tip tools. If the hardness exceeds RC55 grinding is the preferred method. The material should be stress relieved before and during machining.


Nominal Thermal Expansion Coefficient (from 20°C/68°F to stated temperature)

100°C (212°F) 200°C (392°F) 300°C (572°F) 400°C (752°F) 500°C (932°F) 600°C (1112°F) 700°C (1292°F) 800°C (1472°F) 900°C (1652°F) 1000°C (1832°F)
µ-inch/inch.°F 5.83 6.28 6.56 6.72 6.94 7.11 7.5 7.72 8.0



Nominal Tensile Properties at Room Temperature

Ultimate Tensile Strength Rm Yield Stress Rp(0.2%) Elongation Elastic Modulus

ksi MPa ksi MPa A(%) ksi


Castings 80 551 <1 34,100




Nominal Hot Hardness (DPH) as-cast

20°C (68°F)

100°C (212°F) 200°C (392°F) 300°C (572°F) 400°C (752°F) 500°C (932°F) 600°C (1112°F) 700°C (1292°F) 800°C (1472°F) 900°C (1652°F)
606 573 540 508 485 453 406 330 217



Thermal and Electrical Properties

Approximate value at Room Temperature

Thermal conductivity

102 Btu-in/hr/ft2/°F

Electrical resistivity

269.24 µ-ohm.inch



Recommend for use as surgical scissor inserts, valve seat inserts, needle holders, steel mill guide rolls, seaming rolls, sleeves, bushings, bearing balls, wear pads, burner nozzles and palm guides.

Available forms

Welding powder or rod; cast components; powder metallurgy components.


USN R30001; AWS A5.13 RCoCr-C; MIL-R-17131; RCoCr-C; SAE J775; MIL-C-15345 Alloy 22; MIL- C-24248 Comp IV


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